HOW TO Use your Apple Watch’s Sleep features

Visit the Watch app on your paired iPhone. Tap Sleep, and you should see the screen shown here. Make sure the option “Track Sleep With Apple Watch” is selected if you want to use sleep tracking.

Set Sleep Focus

Tap Manage Sleep Focus in Settings to edit the Focus Mode for when you go to bed. By default no apps or people can contact or notify you, but you can change this if you prefer — if you’re on call, for example.

Pick a face

You can set specific Lock Screens for your iPhone and Watch while Sleep Focus is active, useful if you’re likely to take a bleary–eyed look at the Watch in the middle of the night. This option only shows installed faces.

The Sleep Screen

If you prefer you can click on Sleep Focus > Options and select the default Sleep Screen, which removes almost everything but the time from your Apple Watch display when Sleep Focus is active.

Set your schedule

You can create a sleep schedule in your iPhone’s Health app. This will automatically activate Sleep Focus at the time(s) you specify, and you can also use it to set regular alarms to get you out of bed for school or work.

See your sleep

Wear your Apple Watch to bed. In the morning, you’ll be able to see your sleep data in the Health app as well as on your Apple Watch. The tracking records four different sleep states: awake, REM, core and deep.

Get more info

The Health app records more than just your sleep cycles. It also tracks your heart rate and your respiratory rate throughout your sleep, enabling you to get a better picture of your body’s activity in different stages.

Add your own

Don’t worry if you forget to wear your watch to bed: your iPhone can still record the overall time you spent in bed, albeit without information about your different sleep stages. You can add your own data manually in Health.

Try other options

Apple’s own Sleep app isn’t the only option for your Apple Watch, and if you scroll down in the Health app you’ll see a selection of Health–compatible apps with links to the appropriate page in the App Store.

Drop 83% more weight with this breakfast—without hunger

Q: I know omega-3 fats are good for my health for so many reasons, but I’m allergic to seafood. Is there another good source?

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A: Fish and shellfish are a top dietary source of these heart- and brain-healthy fats, but a new class of marine vegetables can help you reap the benefits without worrying about your allergy. Often called sea greens or sea vegetables, they include algae and kelp and contain comparable levels of omega-3s as fish. What’s more, a review of research on sea greens in the Journal of Applied Phycology touts their high levels of appetite regulating fiber, bone-building calcium and essential vitamins. Plus, sea vegetables are gluten-free and vegan.

You’re probably most familiar with nori, a type of seaweed used in sushi, but there are plenty of varieties, including spirulina, dulse, kombu, wakame and sea purslane. You can find them at larger supermarkets, ethnic grocery stores and health-food stores. Try adding them to soups and salads or sprinkling over scrambled eggs. Or opt for a supplement, like Swanson Seaweed Vegetable Complex 

Erectile Dysfunction in Men

Erectile dysfunction ED is a type of sexual dysfunction [ Impotence], is a common pr oblem among men and is characterized by the consistent inability to sustain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse or the inability to achieve ejaculation, or both. It is a male sexual dysfunction and expr essed in the inability to have an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse.

ED is very common, although most men will not admit to having potency problems.

Various studies have shown that over half of all men over 40 have at least partial potency issues.

It is a well known fact that, a man is a sexual being. It is part of the natural make up of a man, right from conception, unto birth, and childhood, unto adulthood.

The sexuality of a man, is what also draw male babies, to suck very aggressively, even when they are at infancy. This also translates, into the genetic and skeletal make up of a man.

The bones at the lower back of a man, lumbar, is endowed with muscle strength to be able to perform the sexual act, easily, until ripe old age, if nothing occurs to hinder his performance.

This condition can occur both in younger and older men.

Impotence can change a man’s life and affect his self-esteem. Note that aging isn’t one of the biggest causes of impotence. ED isn’t considered a natural part of aging. Many interventions exist that can help a man regain his sexual function.

How does sexual dysfunction affect men?

The most common problems related to sexual dysfunction in men include • ejaculation disorders, • erectile dysfunction and • inhibited sexual desire. Inhibited sexual desire (reduced libido)

Inhibited desire, or loss of libido, refers to a decrease in desire for or interest in sexual activity. Reduced libido can result from physical or psychological factors. It has been associated with low levels of the hormone testosterone. It also may be caused by psychological problems, such as anxiety and depression; medical illnesses such as diabetes and high blood pressure; certain medications, including some antidepressants; and relationship difficulties .

It is important for us to look at the possible cause of this disorder . • Endocrine disease The body’s endocrine system produces hormones that regulate metabolism, sexual function, reproduction, mood, and much more. Diabetes is an example of an endocrine disease that can cause men to experience impotence. Diabetes affects the body’s ability to utilize the hormone insulin. One of the side effects associated with chronic diabetes is nerve damage. This affects penis sensations. Other complications associated with diabetes are impaired blood flow and hormone levels. Both of these factors can contribute to impotence. Neurological and Nerve Disorders Several neurologic conditions can increase the risk for impotence. Nerve conditions affect the brain’s ability to communicate with the reproductive system. This can prevent a man from achieving an erection.

Neurological disorders associated with impotence include • Alzheimer ’s disease • brain or spinal tumors • multiple sclerosis • stroke • temporal lobe epilepsy • Men who’ve had prostate gland surgery can also experience nerve damage that causes impotence.

Long-distance bicycle riders can also experience temporary impotence. This is because repeated pressure on the buttocks and genitals can affect the function of the nerves. .


Taking certain medications can affect blood flow,which can lead to ED. A man should never stop taking a medicine without his doctor’s permission, even if it’s known to cause impotence.

Erectile dysfunction can be embarrassing to think about, but the more you know, the better you can prevent it from happening and dealing with it when it does Cardiac-Related Conditions Conditions that affect the heart and its ability to pump blood well can cause impotence. Without enough blood flow to the penis, a man can’t achieve an erection.

Atherosclerosis, a condition that causes the blood vessels to become clogged, can cause impotence. High cholesterol and high blood pressure (hypertension) are also associated with increased risks for impotence.

Lifestyle Factors and Emotional conditions

Sexual excitement is very important. To achieve an erection, a man must first go through the excitement phase. This phase can be an emotional response. If a man has an emotional disorder, this affects his ability to become sexually excited.

Depression and anxiety are associated with increased risk for impotence. Depression is a feeling of sadness, loss of hope, or helplessness. Fatigue related to depression can also cause impotence.

Performance anxiety can be another cause of impotence. If a man wasn’t able to achieve an erection in the past, he may fear he won’t be able to achieve an erection in the future. A man may also findhe can’t achieve an erection with a certain partner. A man with ED related to performance anxiety may be able to have full erections when masturbating or when sleeping, yet isn’t able to maintain an erection during intercourse.

Abuse of drugs like cocaine and amphetamines can also cause impotence. Alcohol abuse and alcoholism can also affect a man’s ability to achieve or maintain an erection. It is important that you see a doctor as soon as you suspect that you have a substance abuse problem.

What Is Impotence? Impotence is a condition that affects a man’s ability to achieve or maintain an erection.

There can be several contributing factors to impotence. These include both emotional and physical disorders. An estimated 50 percent of men age 40 to 70 experience some erectile dysfunction (ED). Understanding the most common potential causes can help a man identify why he may be experiencing the condition. [ MERCK MANUAL]. Taking Medications Taking certain medications can affect blood flow,which can lead to ED. A man should never stop taking a medicine without his doctor’s permission, even if it’s known to cause impotence.

disorder, this affects his ability to become sexually excited.

Depression and anxiety are associated with increased risk for impotence. Depression is a feeling of sadness, loss of hope, or helplessness. Fatigue related to depression can also cause impotence.

Diagnosis : How is male sexual dysfunction diagnosed?

The doctor likely will begin with a physical exam and a thorough history of symptoms. He or she may order other diagnostic tests to rule out any medical problems that may be contributing to the dysfunction. The doctor may refer the patient for consultations with other health care professionals, including an urologist (a doctor specializing in the urinary tract and male reproductive system), an endocrinologist (a doctor specializing in glandular disorders), a neurologist (a doctor specializing in disorders of the nervous system), sex therapists and other counselors.

Tests the doctor may use to help evaluate sexual dysfunction include

Blood tests — These tests are done to evaluate hormone levels.

Vascular assessment — This involves an evaluation of the blood flow to the penis. A blockage in a blood vessel supplying blood to the penis may be contributing to erectile dysfunction. Sensory testing • Nocturnal penile tumescence and rigidity testing — This test is used to monitor erections that occur naturally during sleep. This test can helpdetermine if a man’s erectile problems are due to physical or psychological causes. THIS IS THE MOST COMMON TEST, AND VERY ACCURATE. [Cleveland clinic]. • Treatment How is male sexual dysfunction treated? Many cases of sexual dysfunction can be corrected by treating the underlying physical or psychological problems. Treatment strategies may include the following:

Medical treatment — This involves treatment of any physical problem that may be contributing to a man’s sexual dysfunction.

Medications — New medications, such as Viagra™), (Levitra™), or l (Cialis™ ) may help improve sexual function in men by increasing blood flow to the penis. All these must only be taken, under strict doctor’s prescription.

Amino acids : Amino acids are completely natural micronutrients, which have very significant benefits such as supporting hair growth, maintaining cartilage in joints (treating arthritis), improving circulation (e.g. in cases of Erectile Dysfunction), immunity, male fertility and many others – without side effects.. Arginine and zinc make sperm cells more resilient. “Men should ensure that they consume a balanced diet and get enough exercise”, The amino acid can have a positive effect on the dynamics and fitness of sperm cells. The trace element zinc also contributes to the resilience of these cells.

Hormones — Men with low levels of testosterone may benefit from hormone injections. The use of a testosterone patch applied to the scrotum or other parts of the body. It is to help increase testosterone levels to a normal range. Testosterone replacement by pills and implantable pellets also is being evaluated.

Psychological therapy — Therapy with a trained counselor can help a person address feelings of anxiety, fear or guilt that may have an impact on sexual function.

Mechanical aids — Aids such as vacuum devices and penile implants may help men with erectile dysfunction. (Penile Implant Surgery in India)

Education and communication — Education about sex, and sexual behaviors and responses may help a man overcome his anxieties about sexual function. Open dialogue with your partner about your needs and concerns also helps to overcome many barriers to a healthy sex life.

• I would personally encourage that men should speak frankly to their wives, or partners, and tackle this problem together, as the results and response is usually quicker.

The wife, should be more understanding, and adventurous, while having a sexual act with her beloved.

Eating Less Meat Is a Lifesaver

Research suggests that nearly 40 per cent of cancer diagnoses could be prevented with lifestyle changes—such as quitting smoking, cutting down on alcohol and getting more exercise. And while what you eat is already on that list of modifiable factors, a University of Oxford study has zeroed in on an aspect of most people’s diets that could be one of the most problematic: meat.

After following almost 500,000 participants over 11 years, the researchers found that people who followed a vegetarian diet had a substantially lower risk of developing cancer compared to those who ate meat (beef, lamb, pork and poultry) more than five times a week: 31 per cent lower for prostate cancer, 18 per cent lower for breast cancer among post-menopausal women, and nine per cent lower for colorectal cancer. But you don’t have to give up meat altogether to lower your cancer risk.

Although eating less is better, having meat five or fewer times a week was also associated with lower overall cancer risk. Of course, preventing cancer isn’t the only benefit of decreasing meat consumption. According to Norwegian researchers, eating less red and processed meat in favour of more whole grains, nuts and legumes extends your life by more than a decade if you make those changes before you turn 60.

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Obese parents likely to have their children overweight: Experts

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A study conducted by Dr. Manish Motwani, Senior Obesity Surgeon at Aastha Healthcare on the basis of the data of the last 3 years revealed that in 825 patients with a family history of obesity who underwent obesity surgery, 38% of patients have the risk of obesity running in their families due to the parent-to-child transmission of multiple genes conferring a higher risk for adiposity fatness.

Dr. Motwani Said “A child with one or both obese parents will have an 80 percent chance of being obese. Obesity increases a child’s risk for a number of diseases and conditions. It is the need of the hour for parents to pay attention to the child’s eating habits, and make him/ her exercise daily to maintain an optimum weight.” Obesity is seen when one eats more calories than the body tends to burn. Obesity in children is on the rise and has ripped the nation. Obesity can ruin our next generation. Being overweight is not only due to high-calorie intake but also biochemical and genetic factors. Obese parents are likely to have obese or overweight children. With the changing lifestyle, eating habits, and decreased activities for children, it is not far that the children will super seed us, in obesity.

Dr. Manish Motwani, said “As per the study based on the data of last 3 years, in 825 patients (58% females, 42% males) with a family history of obesity who opted for different types of bariatric surgeries, around 38% had obese or overweight family members including children. If parents have higher body mass (BMI) then the child can also have a higher BMI. Because both genes and habits are passed down from one generation to another, many members of a family will struggle with weight gain issues. People in the same family have similar eating patterns, sedentary behaviours, and levels of physical activity. So, a child’s chances of being overweight go up if one or both parents are overweight or obese. However, other factors related to childhood obesity are eating fatty foods, less outdoor and more indoor activities, exam stress, and having aerated drinks.”

“Being overweight may impact not only the parent’s health but even the child’s development too. Children who are obese may suffer from a plethora of health problems such as diabetes, heart disease, sleep apnoea, stress, anxiety, depression, poor self-esteem, eating disorders, hypertension, stroke, bone and joint disorders, asthma, cancer, breathing problem, gall bladder disease, liver problems, menstrual irregularities, infertility, eating disorders, dyslipidemia, high cholesterol, and sleep problems.” Add Dr Motwani.

“Childhood obesity is better prevented than treated. So, parents should see to it that their children eat a well-balanced diet. Include fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes in the diet. Avoid junk, processed, oily, and canned foods. Children should say NO to bakery items, Chinese, burgers, pizza, pasta, sodas, colas, or ice creams. Children should exercise daily, sleep well and stay stress-free. If childhood obesity is not prevented, and it goes to a level where the BMI of the boy/girl is above 30 then one is already into morbid obesity, and may require to undergo bariatric surgery,” concluded Dr Motwani.

Dump trip plan is a load of rubbish

Here’s this week’s starter for ten.

What’s the difference between getting an appointment with a cardiothoracic surgeon to discuss your life-saving coronary artery bypass graft . . . and getting an appointment to lob half a dozen old paint tins into the burgh coup?

Answer – the cardiothoracic surgeon won’t ask for your council tax number and vehicle registration.

But hey . . . starting on July 4 – South Ayrshire Council will!

Yes, SAC are about to launch an ‘Online Booking System’ for our recycling centres in Ayr, Girvan, Maybole and Troon.

As SAC’s own publicity states – “Our sites will no longer accept any vehicles that show up without a booked time slot”.

Er . . . where was ‘public consultation’ on this one?

I don’t recall any. And guess what – my new friends at Doonfoot, Alloway and St Leonard’s Community Council don’t recall any either!

To be honest, I quite liked the existing system.

After some home improvements, carpet renewal, gardening etc – you just hobbed the rubbish in the back of the car and headed off to Heathfield.

With a bit of common sense – like trying to avoid the queues at peak hours – it was job done in 30 minutes . . . with a bucket of chicken from Heathfield’s KFC to munch when you got home!

However, it now appears that, according to SAC anyway, the “queues and delays” are largely the problem.

The real issue is not so much the traffic using the recycling centre – it’s the volume of traffic using the only road that leads to it!

Heathfield Retail Park must have quadrupled the traffic on that section of Heathfield Road over the last five years – but the road access and egress around it hasn’t kept pace.

What we have here is a traffic management issue – and it needs a new traffic management system to fix it.

Instead, tens of thousands of people will now have to jump through a series of time consuming – and for many, complicated – hoops just to dump their household waste in the same way and in the same place they’ve been using for years.

It’s the entire stretch of road – from the white-knuckle ride that is Whitletts Roundabout to the lights at Prestwick Road – that needs revamped, not our household waste recycling system.

The ADSL community council are now asking SAC to suspend the start of the ‘Online Booking System’ pending public consultation and a review of alternative solutions.

I’m with them – and I suspect a lot more members of the public are as well.

I’d start by looking at space for a dedicated Recycling Centre slip road and car park – both would immediately ease the strain on the Heathfield Road and ‘B&Q’ roundabouts.

Cars could queue up like they do to board a ferry. A single ‘live cam’ accessed by a mobile phone app could show people in advance how many cars are in the queue – with electronic signage on approach roads flashing ‘Recycling Wait – 30 minutes’ etc.

Looking at the broader canvas, SAC has invested hundreds of thousands of pounds in encouraging us to recycle. Making recycling more complicated seems like a backward step. And already there are issues behind the issues.

If I borrow a van from a pal in Kilmarnock, will his vehicle, registered to an East Ayrshire address, be denied access to dump my South Ayrshire waste?

Will this extra online hassle only encourage the intolerant to fly tip instead?

And with our addresses and council tax details to hand – how do we know that this year’s free booking service won’t be £5 a trip next year… and £10 the year after that?

The proposed new system does have one clear positive – it’s designed to stop commercial users abusing a public service.

Well, these are the people who SHOULD be going through the red tape of declaring their details and registrations.

I’d want anything that wasn’t a standard family car, or estate car, to be subject to rigorous checking before being allowed on site.

My community council friends are just a sampling of the public – but they are very concerned.

A “let’s stop and rethink this issue” is a reasonable request.

On the other side, environment portfolio holder, Councillor Ian Cochrane, is not an unreasonable man.

Both sides listening to each will be the first step forward.

Will this extra online hassle only encourage the intolerant to fly tip instead?

High Fat Ketogenic Diet more Effective for Weight Loss than Adding Fruit to Diet

How many times have you heard that you should eat more fruit to lose weight? Despite that traditional diet tip, a new study shows that boosting your intake of fruit does not result in a corresponding boost in weight loss, reported Headline and Global News on Friday.

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Challenging the assumption that vitamin-rich, high fiber, low-calorie vegetables and fruits were ideal for weight loss, researchers from the University of Alabama at Birmingham discovered a “near zero” benefit. Their conclusion resulted from a meta-analysis of several studies.

However, the researchers were quick to emphasize the health benefits of fruits and vegetables. They expressed concern that the results would cause consumers to avoid produce, reported the Times Live on Friday.

But “all studies we reviewed showed a near-zero effect on weight loss,” says study leader Kathryn Kaiser, Ph.D., instructor in the UAB School of Public Health. “So I don’t think eating more alone is necessarily an effective approach for weight loss because just adding them on top of whatever foods a person may be eating is not likely to cause weight change.”

The problem: People followed directions to eat more fruit and vegetables but added them to their existing diets rather than substitute eggplant for eclairs or mushrooms for muffins. “In the overall context of a healthy diet, energy reduction is the way to help lose weight, so to reduce weight you have to reduce caloric intake,” Kaiser said.

She does feel that replacing high calorie foods with high fiber produce works. However, “our findings from the best available evidence show that effect doesn’t seem to be present among people simply instructed to increase fruit and vegetable intake.”

In contrast, multiple studies support boosting fat and protein while cutting carbohydrates, including carbs from fruits. The benefits included both weight loss and improvement for those with type 2 diabetes, exemplified in a study entitled “A randomized pilot trial of a moderate carbohydrate diet compared to a very low carbohydrate diet in overweight or obese individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus or prediabetes.”

Reported in PLoS One, the study compared participants on either a medium carbohydrate, low fat, calorie-restricted, carbohydrate counting diet (MCCR) consistent with guidelines from the American Diabetes Association or a very low carbohydrate, high fat, non calorie-restricted diet whose goal was to induce nutritional ketosis. The researchers included Dr. Stephen Phinney, a physician-scientist who has devoted three decades to researching diet and exercise.

Co-author of “New Atkins for a New You: The Ultimate Diet for Shedding Weight and Feeling Great,” Phinney and his colleagues evaluated the participants based on factors such as weight and blood sugar. “Our results suggest that a very low carbohydrate diet coupled with skills to promote behavior change may improve glycemic control in type 2 diabetes while allowing decreases in diabetes medications,” he concluded.

All participants in the clinical trial lost weight, but those on the high fat low carb ketogenic diet lost more weight. They also experienced a reduction in hunger. Phinney includes complementary studies in “The Art and Science of Low Carbohydrate Living: An Expert Guide to Making the Life-Saving Benefits of Carbohydrate Restriction Sustainable and Enjoyable.”

What of the traditional advice that athletes should load up on carbohydrates? Wrong, say Phinney and his colleagues Jeff Volek and Tim Noakes. The trio co-authored an essay in the online version of the British Journal of Sports Medicine reporting on low-carb diet athletic performance studies.

Nine of 11 low-carb performance studies indicated that participants did better or the same. “Studies of elite athletes chronically adapted to low-carbohydrate diets have uncovered one unexpected finding–their extraordinary ability to produce energy at very high rates purely from the oxidation of fat,” wrote the authors.

The studies have been an ongoing project for Phinney. In 1983, he produced a research paper showing that after following a low-carb diet for three weeks, cyclists burned significantly more fat.

In addition, they had a “four-fold reduction in muscle glycogen use” compared to high carb diets. Phinney and Volek also include their own studies in “The Art and Science of Low Carbohydrate Performance.”


Smoking Is A Heart Killer

Smoking in any form is bad for your heart. The European Society of Cardiology reported on May 29, 2015, all forms of smoking are bad for the heart. Smoking of any type is the single most powerful risk factor for cardiovascular disease.


It has become clear that all types of tobacco use, including smokeless tobacco and electronic cigarettes, and the waterpipe is simply not good for your health. In fact it has been suggested by various studies that waterpipe smoking, which is also referred to as shisha and hookah, may be associated with unusually high toxin exposure because sessions are very long and involve more and larger puffs of smoke. Smoke inhalation from waterpipe smoking may be as much as 100 times more than from a cigarette.

ESC prevention spokesperson Professor Joep Perk says that although electronic cigarettes may be somewhat effective in helping smokers quit they nevertheless should have the same marketing restrictions as cigarettes to avoid being used by young people and non-smokers. It has been shown by scientific evidence that even cartridges which are labelled as not having any nicotine may contain nicotine. Also, other toxic substances and flavors such as vanilla or chocolate which kids like are being used.

Professor Perk has emphasized the vital importance of stopping teenagers from starting to smoke. Teens who start smoking may not suffer immediately but they set off a process of vascular damage which they will have to pay for as they get older. In this regard it’s important for parents to serve as positive role models and educators. Parents should be very strict and simply not allow smoking because it is extremely damaging to health.

It has been found that passive smoking is also deadly. Non-smokers living with a smoking spouse have about a 30 percent increased risk of cardiovascular disease and exposure in the work place has similar risks. Passive smoking of any type is a significant risk for cardiovascular disease. It has been noted by Professor Perk that smoking of all types is the primary villain in dealing with cardiovascular disease prevention.

The European Heart Journal reports that atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is a chronic disorder which develops insidiously during life. CVD causes massive disability. CVD has been found to be strongly associated with lifestyle, particularly the use of tobacco, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet habits, and psychosocial stress. Smoking has been recognized as the most powerful killer of all.

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Tango Dancing Can Help Patients With Parkinson’s Disease

Sufferers of Parkinson’s disease are in for a pleasant surprise. It may be helpful for these patients to find some time to go tango dancing. McGill University reported on April 13, 2015, tango dancing may benefit Parkinson’s disease patients.

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According to findings from a new study by researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital there could be possible benefits for people at various stages in the development of Parkinson’s disease from dancing the Argentine tango. The researchers looked at motor abilities of patients following a 12-week tango course. They also assessed the effect that tango has on symptoms of this disease.

The researchers investigated whether a social and physical activity which is associated with music, such as tango, could possibly have therapeutic value for patients with Parkinson’s disease. These patients generally suffer from motor dysfunctions including tremor, rigidity, and gait dysfunction as well as non-motor symptoms, such as depression, fatigue and cognitive degeneration.

This study has been published in the journal Complementary Therapies in Medicine. The goal of the researchers was to determine effects of Argentine tango on the motor and non-motor manifestations seen in patients with Parkinson’s disease. It was concluded Argentine tango can improve balance and functional mobility in these patients. There may be modest benefits on cognition and fatigue in Parkinson’s disease patients.

This is very compelling research. Dr. Silvia Rios Romenets, who was the lead researcher in the study and who has a special interest in Parkinson’s disease and dance therapy, says there has been growing evidence that habitual physical activity is associated with a lower risk of developing Parkinson’s disease therefore suggesting a potential slowing of Parkinson’s disease progression.

It is really exciting to note that there is a connection between music and the dopamine systems located in the brain, which are vital for establishing and maintaining behavior. Therefore, mixing music with exercise in dance such as the tango can enhance accessibility, enjoyability, and motivation, as well as generate better mood and stimulate cognition. Furthermore, the social interaction and social support which are involved in tango have positive effects on mood and compliance.

This could also be some good news for victims of psychiatric drugging. The psychiatrists consistently prescribe neuroleptic drugs for what they claim are psychotic states and for schizophrenia. There are actually no biological markers for any of the psychiatric diagnoses, as reported upon by the Citizens Commission on Human Rights, and

the neuroleptics generally cause a Parkinson’s disease like syndrome which is very painful and debilitating. While struggling to survive the abusive interventions of psychiatrists the victims of psychiatric drugging should theoretically benefit from Argentine tango.


There is no Increased Risk of Multiple Sclerosis with HPV Vaccination

There has been a great deal of concern about assertions that the HPV vaccine may be associated with an increased risk for multiple sclerosis. JAMA reported in a press release on Jan. 6, 2015 that the HPV vaccine is not associated with an increased risk of multiple sclerosis. A follow-up of girls and women in Denmark and Sweden who received HPV vaccination found there was no link to an increased risk for multiple sclerosis or other demyelinating diseases.

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Ever since the licensure of the quadrivalent human papillomavirus (qHPV) vaccine in 2006 and thereafter the licensure of the bivalent HPV (bHPV) vaccine greater than 175 million doses have been distributed across the world. There have been concerns raised that there could be an association between these vacines and the devlopment of multiple sclerosis as well as other demyelinating diseases. Nikolai Madrid Scheller, M.B., of the Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark, and colleagues conducted a study on Danish and Swedish girls and women ages 10 years to 44 years from 2006 to 2013 to investigate this. These researchers have found there is no increased risk of multiple sclerosis or other demyelinating diseases associated with qHPV vaccination.

This study has been published in the journal JAMA. The study authors have written that their study adds to the body of data which are in support of a favorable overall safety profile of the qHPV vaccine. Due to the size of the study and the use of nationwide registry data of unselected populations from Denmark and Sweden the analyses are likely to be generalizable. These researchers have taken the position that there is not a causal relationship between qHPV vaccination and demyelinating diseases.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that about 79 million Americans are infected with human papillomavirus (HPV), and about 14 million people will become newly infected each year. Some types of HPV can cause cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancer among women. In men some types of HPV can cause penile cancer. And HPV can cause anal and some oropharyngeal cancers among both men and women. Clinical trials and post-licensure monitoring data have showed that both vaccines which are presently available for HPV are safe. Clearly it would be a healthier world if more people were safely vaccinated against HPV.